Written question by Hannah Neumann, Jutta Paulus, Sergey Lagodinsky and Viola Von Cramon-Taubadel:
According to a legal opinion drawn up by the University of Erlangen/Nuremberg, uranium exported to Russia from Gronau, Germany, has the potential to be used for military purposes, since depleted uranium is the primary material needed to manufacture so-called uranium ammunition.
As the German licensing authorities and the German Government see it, the uranium is not nuclear waste, but a recyclable material from which new products could be manufactured.
Regulation (EU) No 833/2014 bans the export of dual-use goods to Russia. According to the legal opinion, the goods are exported to a company owned by the Russian State in the closed city of Novouralsk.
1. Is the Commission aware that depleted uranium is being exported from Germany to Russia, and has Germany informed it which specific products are being or can be manufactured from uranium as a recyclable material?
2. What view does the Commission take of this, given that Regulation (EU) No 833/2014 bans the export of dual-use goods?
3. What measures does the Commission insist are taken to ensure that all the exported nuclear waste remains in Russia and to monitor its further processing there?
Answer of the European Commission: